This chapter presents recommendations on what knowledge about the nature of technology is required for scientific literacy and emphasizes ways of thinking about technology that can contribute to using it wisely.The ideas are sorted into three sections: the connection of science and technology, the principles of technology itself, and the connection of technology and society.In some fields, such as solid-state physics (which involves transistors and superconductors), the ability to make something and the ability to study it are so interdependent that science and engineering can scarcely be separated.New technology often requires new understanding; new investigations often require new technology.
As long as there have been people, there has been technology.
Technologylike language, ritual, values, commerce, and the artsis an intrinsic part of a cultural system and it both shapes and reflects the system's values.
In today's world, technology is a complex social enterprise that includes not only research, design, and crafts but also finance, manufacturing, management, labor, marketing, and maintenance.
They can include unexpected benefits, unexpected costs, and unexpected risksany of which may fall on different social groups at different times.
Anticipating the effects of technology is therefore as important as advancing its capabilities.